Heartsteps

This project tests the feasibility and effectiveness of providing, via a smartphone, just-in-time tailored physical activity suggestions as well as evening prompts to plan the following day’s physical activity so as to help sedentary individuals increase their activity. The resulting data will be used to inform the development of a JITAI for increasing physical activity.

Sense2Stop

This project tests the feasibility of conducting an MRT aiming to investigate whether real-time sensor-based assessments of stress are useful in optimizing the provision of just-in-time prompts to support stress-management in chronic smokers attempting to quit. The resulting data will be used to inform the development of a JITAI for smoking cessation.

  • PI: Santosh Kumar, Center of Excellence for Mobile Sensor Data-to-Knowledge (MD2K, https://md2k.org)
  • Location: Northwestern University, Bonnie Spring, (site P.I.)
  • Funding: NIBIB through funds provided by the trans-NIH Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) initiative (www.bd2k.nih.gov). U54EB020404

Substance Abuse Research Assistance (SARA)

The Substance Abuse Research Assistance (SARA) is an app for gathering data about substance use in high-risk populations. App developers are using an MRT to improve engagement with completion of the self-report data collection measures. At the time this summary was written, this MRT is unique in that it has an engagement component, but not a treatment one.

  • PIs: Maureen Walton, Susan Murphy, and Mashfiqui Rabbi Shuvo
  • Location: Harvard University and University of Michigan
  • Funding: Michigan Institute for Data Science (PI S. Murphy), the University of Michigan Injury Center (PI M. Walton), NIDA P50 DA039838 (PI Linda Collins), NIAAA R01 AA023187 (PI S. Murphy), CDC R49 CE002099 (PI: M. Walton)

BariFit MRT

Researchers are conducting this quality-improvement MRT aiming to promote weight maintenance through increased activity and improved diet among people who received bariatric surgery. At the time it was developed, this project was novel in that it implemented separate randomizations at the start of the study, on a daily basis, and five times throughout the day.

  • PI: Pedja Klasna
  • Location & Funding: Kaiser Permanente

MRT to Optimize mHealth Messaging for Weight-Loss Support

The current study seeks to investigate whether, what type, and under what conditions prompts should be provided in the context of a weight-loss program that uses a mobile app as minimal support for obese/overweight adults.

  • PIs: Bonnie Spring and Inbal “Billie” Nahum-Shani
  • Location: Northwestern University
  • Funding: R01 DK108678?

MRT to Promote Engagement with Purpose-Driven Well-Being App

JOOL is a behavioral health and well?being app that is designed to help people monitor and improve their sleep, presence, activity, creativity, and eating, with the ultimate goal of helping people move closer to fulfilling their life’s purpose. This MRT aims to understand whether push notifications of tailored health messages are useful in promoting engagement with the JOOL app; and, if so, when and under what circumstances they are most effective.

Smartphone Addiction Recovery Coach (SARC) MRT

The smartphone addiction recovery coach (SARC) project tests the feasibility and effectiveness of providing, via smartphone, messages designed to encourage use of the ecological momentary interventions (EMIs) to support young adults enrolled in an outpatient substance-use program as they recover from disordered substance use.

  • PI: Michael Dennis
  • Location: Chestnut Health Systems
  • Funding: NIDA award DA011323

MRT to Improve EMA Engagement in Oral Chemotherapy Adherence for Adolescents and Young Adults

This study seeks to examine the time-varying, contextual factors that influence daily oral chemotherapy adherence in adolescents and young adults with leukemia. See

  • PI: Alexandra M. Psihogios
  • Location: The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
  • Funding: National Cancer Institute award K08CA241335-01

See Annisa M. Ahmed’s Poster on ADAPTS: Iterative Refinement of an Open-Source Ecological Momentary Assessment App for Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer (pptx), Iterative Refinement of an Open-Source Ecological Momentary Assessment App for Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer (pdf), Society for Behavioral Medicine Rapid Communications.

MRT to Improve Oral Chemotherapy Adherence for Adolescents and Young Adults

This study employs an MRT to test different strategies for promoting adherence to oral chemotherapy in adolescents and young adults with leukemia. It delivers individually-tailored content, including messages targeting disease self-management and preferred app engagement strategies.

  • PI: Alexandra M. Psihogios
  • Location: The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
  • Funding: National Cancer Institute award K08CA241335-01

Portions of this website and the related scientific research were funded by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) awards P50 DA039838 and P50 DA010075 to The Methodology Center at Penn State, Institute for Educational Sciences award R324B180003 and NIDA award R01 DA039901 to the University of Michigan.